Enterprise Architecture is the process of aligning a business's strategic vision with its information technology. It connects different business units for synergistic communication and collaboration, creating a more seamless customer (or end-user) experience. It is about business and the IT working together to turn a company's vision of greatness into reality.
In other wards Enterprise Architecture is a logical organization of a business and its supporting data, applications, and IT infrastructure, with clearly defined goals and objectives for the future success of the business. A typical architecture consists of diagrams, or models, that show how aspects of the business relate. For example an organizational chart is a model of how business units relate to each other.
Gartner's definition is this: Enterprise Architecture (EA) is a discipline for proactively and holistically leading enterprise responses to disruptive forces by identifying and analyzing the execution of change toward desired business vision and outcomes. EA delivers value by presenting business and IT leaders with signature-ready recommendations for adjusting policies and projects to achieve target business outcomes that capitalize on relevant business disruptions. EA is used to steer decision making toward the evolution of the future state architecture.
Enterprise Architecture focuses on connection, collaboration, communication of customers, partners, employees, stake holders etc . Enterprise Architecture helps the individuals and the groups and the departments or the line of businesses to think the united or corporate way rather than fragmented and siloed way. In otherwards helping to think corporately rather than locally.
The Enterprise Architecture defines the roles, business models, policies, standards, technologies and decision-making criteria for the acquisition and deployment of IT. The architectural process includes governance, business processes and a technology blueprint. As a key component of the architecture, the Enterprise Standards are important for defining the rules by which technology is managed, acquired and configured.
Enterprise Architecture looks for whatever is reusable, such as opportunities for standardized technical platforms and access to shared data. It is the overarching architecture that guides business, data, information, technical and network architectures.
Enterprise Architecture group having understood the macro and micro views of the of the business vision, bridges by mapping, defining and standardizing the technology, data and the business processes for the successful delivery of the project locally and yielding business growth corporately.
For example: Some projects use data that no one else in the company is aware of or is interested in. While there are some projects that use data that might be useful and relevant for many or everyone in the company either locally or even globally. This is where Enterprise Architecture comes into picture to make the later be available for the rest of the company through setting compliance standards and governing body and review board to rightly assign the ownership so that there is control and accountability over the company’s crucial information
Measuring progress is an important element of the Enterprise Architecture and Standards governance process. The Enterprise Architecture must be adaptive and accountable. The performance of the architecture is a critical success factor of its business value